Real-Time Camera Anomaly Detection Using Salient Region for Real-World Video Surveillance

      Yuan-Kai Wang , Ching-Tang Fan and Ke-Yu Chen

Department of Electrical Engineering Fu Jen Catholic University


       The number of cameras is greatly increased due to security, road monitoring, and home-care demanded. Images remained clear and correct field of view (FOV) are very important for video surveillance, and yet a large-scale system installed with a huge amount of cameras is hard to maintain. This paper presents a camera anomaly detection method based on holistic feature analysis over time in salient regions for automatically online determination. The salient regions are constructed from a Markov Random Field framework, which is modeled by pixel-based accumulated movement. There are a handful of holistic features extracted from salient regions, and an online Kalman filter is introduced for recursive smoothing uncertain features. A finite state machine, then, is further designed for real-time event detection. The proposed method yields a robust solution for reducing noise produced from real-world complexities. Experiments are conducted on a set of recorded videos simulating various challenging situations.The test results show that the camera anomaly detection method is superior to other methods in terms of precision rate, false alarm rate, and time complexity.

Experimatal Result

     The salient region is defined as the particular area in an image, which has less influenced by the moving objects. Retrieve the holistic features ​​in the Salient Region can avoid the influence of moving objects thus reduce the false alarm rate and computational complexity.
     The performance in our implementation takes about 35.5 or higher fps in VGA resolution with 0.765 sensitivity and 0.94 specificity.
     The performance is reported with an Intel(R) Core(TM) i7 CPU 920, 3G RAM, and 32-bit Win 7.

Salient Region Building



Detection result between different methods (comparison of  ROC curve)
Speed up affect by salient region (FPS v.s. salient region pixels numbers)

Demo Video

Related Material

 1. CVGIP2011 presentation slides

 2. ICMLC2011 presentation slides

 3. Experimental video data(7.91G)


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[4] Y. K. Wang, C. T. Fan, K. Y. Cheng and Peter S. D., " Real-time Camera Anomaly  Detection for Real-world Video Surveillance ," in Proceedings of  3th  International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics, Guilin, 2011 .